Childbirth editSet type / Edit

«Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or Caesarean section.[6] In 2015, there were about 135 million births globally.[7] About 15 million were born before 37 weeks of gestation,[8] while between 3 and 12% were born after 42 weeks.[9] In the developed world most deliveries occur in hospitals,[10][11] while in the developing world most births take place at home with the support of a traditional birth attendant.[12]

The most common way of childbirth is a vaginal delivery.[5] It involves three stages of labour: the shortening and opening of the cervix, descent and birth of the baby, and the delivery of the placenta.[13] The first stage typically lasts twelve to nineteen hours, the second stage twenty minutes to two hours, and the third stage five to thirty minutes.[14] The first stage begins with crampy abdominal or back pains that last around half a minute and occur every ten to thirty minutes.[13] The crampy pains become stronger and closer together over time.[14] During the second stage pushing with contractions may occur.[14] In the third stage delayed clamping of the umbilical cord is generally recommended.[15] A number of methods can help with pain such as relaxation techniques, opioids, and spinal blocks.[14]

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Modified: 5 months ago on Apr 6, 2019
personMoreVitaminov 16 lvl added it 5 months ago on Apr 6, 2019.