«Carbon dioxide (chemical formulaCO2) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air. Carbon dioxide consists of a carbonatomcovalentlydouble bonded to two oxygen atoms. It occurs naturally in Earth's atmosphere as a trace gas. The current concentration is about 0.04% (410 ppm) by volume, having risen from pre-industrial levels of 280 ppm. Natural sources include volcanoes, hot springs and geysers, and it is freed from carbonate rocks by dissolution in water and acids. Because carbon dioxide is soluble in water, it occurs naturally in groundwater, rivers and lakes, ice caps, glaciers and seawater. It is present in deposits of petroleum and natural gas. Carbon dioxide is odorless at normally encountered concentration. However, at high concentration, it has a sharp and acidic odor.
As the source of available carbon in the carbon cycle, atmospheric carbon dioxide is the primary carbon source for life on Earth and its concentration in Earth's pre-industrial atmosphere since late in the Precambrian has been regulated by photosynthetic organisms and geological phenomena. Plants, algae and cyanobacteria use lightenergy to photosynthesizecarbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water, with oxygen produced as a waste product.
Modified: 4 months ago on Mar 23, 2019
4 months ago on Mar 23, 2019.