Cytokines

«Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling. Cytokines are peptides, and cannot cross the lipid bilayer of cell to enter the cytoplasm. Cytokines have been shown to be involved in autocrine, paracrine and endocrine signaling as immunomodulating agents. Their definite distinction from hormone is still part of ongoing research. Cytokines include chemokines, interferon, interleukins, lymphokines, and tumour necrosis factors, but generally not hormone or growth factors (despite some overlap in the terminology). Cytokines are produced by a broad range of cell, including immune cell like macrophage, B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes and mast cell, as well as endothelial cell, fibroblasts, and various stromal cell; a given cytokine may be produced by more than one type of cell.[1][2]

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Pathways of Cytokines

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Insider BiohackerPRO ranked added it 1 year ago on Mar 11, 2020