Irinotecan drug editEdit

Also known as camptothecin.

«Irinotecan, sold under the brand name Camptosar among others, is a medication used to treat colon cancer, and small cell lung cancer.[1] For colon cancer it is used either alone or with fluorouracil.[1] For small cell lung cancer it is used with cisplatin.[1] It is given by slow injection into a vein.[1]

Common side effects include diarrhea, vomiting, bone marrow suppression, hair loss, shortness of breath, and fever.[1] Other severe side effects include blood clots, colon inflammation, and allergic reactions.[1] Those with two copies of the UGT1A1*28 gene variant are at higher risk for side effects.[1] Use during pregnancy can result in harm to the baby.[1] Irinotecan is in topoisomerase inhibitor family of medication.[2] It works by blocking topoisomerase 1 which results in DNA damage and cell death.[1]

Irinotecan was approved for medical use in the United States in 1996.[1] It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.[3] In the United Kingdom it is available as a generic medication and costs the NHS about 114.00 pounds per 100 mg.[2] It is made from the natural compound camptothecin which is found in the Chinese ornamental tree Camptotheca acuminata.[1][4]» (wikipedia)

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Modified: 2 months ago on Jun 4, 2019
personMoreVitaminov 16 lvl added it 3 months ago on Apr 27, 2019.