Neonatal jaundice disease

«Neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eye and skin in a newborn baby due to high bilirubin levels.[1] Other symptoms may include excess sleepiness or poor feeding.[1] Complications may include seizures, cerebral palsy, or kernicterus.[1]

In many cases there is no specific underlying disorder (physiologic).[2] In other cases it results from red blood cell breakdown, liver disease, infection, hypothyroidism, or metabolic disorder (pathologic).[2][1] A bilirubin level more than 34 μmol/l (2 mg/dL) may be visible.[1] Concerns, in otherwise healthy babies, occur when levels are greater than 308 μmol/L (18 mg/dL), jaundice is noticed in the first day of life, there is a rapid rise in levels, jaundice lasts more than two weeks, or the baby appears unwell.[1] In those with concerning findings further investigations to determine the underlying cause are recommended.[1]

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