"Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a very severe disease in Taiwan caused 7,000 deaths per year, and majorly about 70% is caused by the chronic hepatitis B virus infection. A repeat, long-term, and severe chronic hepatitis would be more possible progressed into liver cirrhosis and HCC. As previous records, there might be 2% of chronic HBV patient would progress to liver cirrhosis, and 5% of the liver cirrhosis's patients would develop to HCC. In some cases, the HBV patient also might directly develop to HCC without liver cirrhosis phase.
Spirulina platensis is a kind of ancient livings for a 3.5 billions years, and had been recognized as a kind of space food by National Aeronautics and Space Administration(USA) because of containing numerous nutrients, especially vitamin B and beta-carotene. Beta-carotene would convert into vitamin A and help keep healthvision, skin, and mucosa. With a rich source of vitamins B, especial B12 which is almost only in meals (animalliver), 1.2 grams of Spirulina platensis daily uptake would be sufficient for a human daily need, and also be a very good source for vegetarians. The investigators ad the B12 test in this trial as a secondary endpoint to help monitor the absorption rates of the Spirulina platensis in human. Otherwise, the plant pigments in Spirulina platensis would also have many bioactivities on humanhealthy. Among these bio-activities of Spirulina platensis would contain anti-virus, anti-cancer, immune modulation, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidant, improveliver abnormality, and liver cirrhosis abilities. As previous small scale of clinical trial results in HBV patients provided by Far East Bio-Tec Company, lamivudine combined with oral Spirulina platensis would also improve the sero-conversion rates of HBeAg."